Weapon Outlawed By A 1993 Agreement
Article IV sets out the requirements to which States Parties must destroy their chemical weapons Geneva Gas Protocol, in a comprehensive protocol for the prohibition of the use of asphyxiating, toxic or other gases during war and bacteriological methods of war, in international law, signed in 1925 by most countries of the world, which prohibits the use of chemical and biological weapons in war. It was developed at the 1925 Geneva Conference as part of a series of measures aimed at preventing a repeat of the atrocities committed by the belligerents during the First World War. In 2009, before Iraq entered the CWC, the OPCW reported that since 2004, the U.S. military had destroyed nearly 5,000 old chemical weapons in open-air explosions.  These weapons, manufactured prior to the 1991 Gulf War, contained sarin and foaming products, but they were so corroded that they could not have been used as originally intended.  The treaty has put in place several steps with deadlines for the complete destruction of chemical weapons, with a procedure for requesting an extension of time. No country was granted full abolition on the original contract date, although some were completed below the authorized extensions.  Fourteen States Parties have declared Chemical Weapons Production Facilities (CWPF):  The OPCW Technical Secretariat is located in The Hague, The Netherlands. Currently, 189 nations, representing about 98% of the world`s population, have joined the CWC.
The OPCW`s mission is to implement the provisions of the CAC and ensure a credible and transparent regime for verifying the destruction of chemical weapons; prevent their retaliation in a Member State; To provide protection and assistance against chemical weapons; Promote international cooperation on the peaceful use of chemistry; and to gain universal membership in the OPCW. Cooperation between the United Nations and the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons is governed by the agreement on relations between the two organizations, adopted by the General Assembly in September 2001. Based on several treaties that had ended the First World War (particularly the Treaty of Versailles  between the Allies and Germany), the protocol expressly prohibiting the use of asphyxiating, toxic or other gases and bacteriological weapons during the war. However, the protocol does not prohibit the development, production or storage of such weapons. For this reason, the protocol was then supplemented by the Biological Weapons Convention (BTWC) of 1972 and the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) of 1993. The ICRC convened two international meetings of experts in 2010 and 2012 to study the effects of “unable to act chemical agents”. This process revealed that the use of these weapons could endanger the lives and health of those at risk, risk undermining international law, which prohibits chemical weapons, and constituted a “slippery trend” to the reintroduction of chemical weapons into armed conflicts.