Trans Pacific Trade Agreement Articles
According to the Congressional Research Service, “The Tufts study has drawn particular criticism as an unconventional framework for analyzing trade agreements, while the Computable General Equilibrium (CGE) models used in the Peterson study are standard models in business analysis.”  Fabio Ghironi, professor of economics at the University of Washington, describes the models used by the World Bank and the Peterson Institute cheaper than tuft analysis.  However, Professor Marc L. Busch of Georgetown University and Professor Krzysztof J. Pelc of McGill University find that modern trade agreements are long and complex, as they often combat non-tariff barriers, such as different standards and regulations, in addition to tariffs. Due to the steady decline in tariff barriers since World War II, it became increasingly likely that countries would erect trade barriers in the form of non-tariff barriers. Domestic companies often lobby their own governments to adopt rules to keep foreign companies away. The TPP addresses many of these “disguised trade restrictions,” for example by “basing these measures on agreed science; make the rule-making process more transparent; and to provide foreign exporters with the opportunity to make substantial contributions to the formulation of these measures.  In addition to these benefits, the TPP provides for commitments that go beyond the World Trade Organization trade agreements and Canada`s free trade agreements with several TPP members, such as.B. market access for environmental services in Vietnam and Malaysia. Canada also benefits from voluntary consultations on mutual recognition agreements between its authorities and their counterparts in TPP countries and access to free data provided under the transparent TPP framework. Discrimination against Canadian service providers is reduced or eliminated in TPP markets, making it easier for them to provide their services in different countries. Heraldo Munoz, Chile`s foreign minister, said he expected Chile`s trade with China, its main trading partner, to continue to grow, in addition to trade with CPTPP countries.
For its part, Beijing has insisted that a trade agreement be concluded separately, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), which includes fifteen Asia-Pacific countries, but not the United States. It has also launched its Belt and Road Initiative, which aims to develop trade and energy infrastructure throughout South and Central Asia. The RCEP was signed in November 2020 after eight years of negotiations. The agreement is not as comprehensive as the TPP: it eliminates fewer tariffs and does not deal in the same way with trade in services, intellectual property or labour and environmental legislation. . . .