Tapi Agreement

This will greatly improve relations between the two countries. To remain an important player in the region`s policy, Pakistan must not only conclude bilateral agreements, but also maintain good diplomatic relations with countries in the region. The creation of this agreement with others demonstrates a change in Pakistani ideology and how it grows to be more towards economic development. Pakistan and Turkmenistan have signed the final agreement on the launch of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan-India (TAPI) pipeline network. Under the plan, Turkmenistan will supply gas to India and Pakistan via Afghanistan. Prior to this construction, gas exports to Turkmenistan were limited to China, but now they want to expand their export base. At first, the fear of this initiative was instability in Afghanistan, but recent discussions between the United States of America and the Taliban, supported by Pakistan, have shown great improvement and a propensity to end the war. The investment agreement for the development of the TAPI project was signed by the four countries in February 2016. The Islamic Development Bank is allocating $700 million to the construction of the pipeline in Turkmenistan, signed as part of an agreement signed with the Turkmenistan government in October 2016. The bilateral gas sales agreement was signed in May 2012. Since the pipeline was to cross Afghanistan, it was necessary to cooperate with the Taliban.

The U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan, Robert Oakley, moved to CentGas in 1997. In January 1998, the Taliban, which chose CentGas against Argentine competitor Bridas Corporation, signed an agreement to continue the proposed project. In June 1998, Russian Gazprom abandoned its 10% stake in the project. On 7 August 1998, the US embassies in Nairobi and Dar es Salaam were bombed. The United States claimed that Osama bin Laden was behind the attacks, and all negotiations on the pipelines were halted when the Taliban leader at the time, Mullah Omar, announced that bin Laden had the support of the Taliban. Unocal withdrew from the consortium on 8 December 1998 and quickly closed its offices in Afghanistan and Pakistan. [11] The initial project began on 15 March 1995, when a first agreement was signed between the governments of Turkmenistan and Pakistan for a pipeline project. The project was funded by the Argentine company Bridas Corporation. The American company Unocal, in collaboration with the Saudi oil group Delta, financed an alternative project without bridas` participation.

On 21 October 1995, the two companies signed a separate agreement with President Saparmurat Niyazov. In August 1996, the Central Asia Gas Pipeline, Ltd. (CentGas) consortium was created to build a pipeline under the direction of Unocal. On 27 October 1997, several international oil companies and the Government of Turkmenistan hosted CentGas in the signing ceremony of several international oil companies. [10] In 2010, the heads of state or government of four Member States signed an Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA). On 24 April 2008, Pakistan, India and Afghanistan signed a framework agreement for the purchase of natural gas in Turkmenistan. [15] The Intergovernmental Agreement on the Pipeline was signed in Ashgabat on 11 December 2010. [16] However, in April 2012, India and Afghanistan failed to agree on the transit tax for gas transiting through Afghan territory.

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