Salt 2 Agreement Between
In addition to these numerical limits, the agreement would have included the following conditions: in June 1979, Carter and Brezhnev met in Vienna and signed the SALT II agreement. The treaty effectively established numerical equality between the two nations with respect to the delivery of nuclear weapons. It also limited the number of MIRV missiles (missiles with several independent nuclear warheads). In reality, the treaty has done little or nothing to stop or even significantly slow down the arms race. Yet it has been the subject of relentless criticism in the United States. The treaty was denounced as a “sell-off” to the Soviets, which would leave America virtually defenseless against a whole series of new weapons that are not mentioned in the agreement. Even the proponents of arms control were not enthusiastic about the treaty, because it did not contribute to the actual control of arms. Salt I being an interim agreement, the intention was to continue the negotiations, but salt II was put in trouble. A framework agreement was proposed in 1974 at the Vladivostok Summit between Leonid Brezhnev (Soviet Union) and US President Gerald Ford. This agreement set the same limits for rocket launchers and strategic bombs, but it omitted Cruise missiles. The U.S. Senate, especially right-wing senators, saw all arms controls as a mechanism for the USSR to “catch up with America,” and the agreement stalled.
First common understanding. The ICBM launches, which are subject to the obligations of Article XVI of the Treaty, include, among other things, the introduction of the ICBM, which requires prior notification in accordance with the provisions of the agreement on measures to be taken to reduce the risk of a nuclear war between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, signed on 30 September. , 1971, and the agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the prevention of incidents on the high seas and over the high seas, signed on May 25, 1972. Article XVI of the Treaty provides for the prior notification of ICBM launches that are not subject to its provisions and whose prior notification would strengthen trust between the contracting parties on a voluntary basis. Negotiations continued from November 17, 1969 to May 1972, in a series of meetings that began in Helsinki, with the U.S. delegation led by Gerard C. Smith, Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. The following meetings took place between Vienna and Helsinki. After a long deadlock, the first results of SALT I arrived in May 1971, when an agreement was reached on the ABM systems. Further talks ended negotiations on 26 May 1972 in Moscow, when Richard Nixon and Leonid Brezhnev signed both the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and the Interim Agreement between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on certain measures to limit strategic offensive weapons.  In addition to these provisions of the treaty, which dealt directly with the issue of verification, counting and the ability to discern rules, as well as certain restrictions on certain systems, certain restrictions on certain systems were included in the agreement for specific verification purposes.
In May 1982, President Reagan declared that he would do nothing to undermine the salts agreements as long as the Soviet Union shows the same restraint. The Soviet Union once again declared itself ready to comply with the un ratified treaty.